AUTISM SPECTRUM DISORDER

GETTING DIAGNOSIS:

AFTER DIAGNOSIS:

Recognize the signs:

Did you know that...?

Did you know that...

Autism now affects 1 in 59 children and 1 in 37 boys.

Basic social interaction difficulties

Unusual or inappropriate body language, gestures, and facial expressions (e.g. avoiding eye contact or using facial expressions that don’t match what he or she is saying)

 

Lack of interest in other people or in sharing interests or achievements (e.g. showing you a drawing, pointing to a bird)

 

Unlikely to approach others or to pursue social interaction; comes across as aloof and detached; prefers to be alone

 

Difficulty understanding other people’s feelings, reactions, and nonverbal cues

 

Resistance to being touched

 

Difficulty or failure to make friends with children the same age

Speech and Language Comprehension Difficulties

Delay in learning how to speak (after the age of two) or doesn’t talk at all

 

Speaking in an abnormal tone of voice, or with an odd rhythm or pitch

 

Repeating words or phrases over and over without communicative intent

 

Trouble starting a conversation or keeping it going

 

Difficulty communicating needs or desires

 

Doesn’t understand simple statements or questions

 

Taking what is said too literally, missing humor, irony, and sarcasm

Rigidity in Behaviors and Activities

Repetitive body movements (hand flapping, rocking, spinning); moving constantly

 

Obsessive attachment to unusual objects (rubber bands, keys, light switches)

 

Preoccupation with a narrow topic of interest, sometimes involving numbers or symbols (maps, license plates, sports statistics)

 

A strong need for sameness, order, and routines (e.g. lines up toys, follows a rigid schedule). Gets upset by change in their routine or environment.

 

Clumsiness, abnormal posture, or odd ways of moving

 

Fascinated by spinning objects, moving pieces, or parts of toys (e.g. spinning the wheels on a race car, instead of playing with the whole car)

 

Hyper- or hypo-reactive to sensory input (e.g. reacts badly to certain sounds or textures, seeming indifference to temperature or pain)

Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder are often restricted, rigid, and even obsessive in their behaviors, activities, and interests. It is important to note that every child on the autism spectrum has unique abilities, symptoms, and challenges.

**Please note that this does not constitue a diagnosis and does not replace professional consultation.

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